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Types of polishing building stones

Types of polishing building stones


Natural stones can have different polishes or procedures due to their different applications in the construction industry. This practice has been common in architecture for a long time, so that one of the tasks of a modern architect is to select and execute building materials for each part of the building according to its use. For example, for a luxury building, they use stones with polished and glossy polishes to double the radiance and appearance of the stone and of course the space of the building. Instead, in another place, the surface of the stone is blurred or highlighted, in another space, which needs to reduce slippage, the surface of the stone is axed, and other payments, each of which will be different according to the use of the stone.

So we found out that they process the surface of natural stones according to their application and of course the type of stone. In this article, we want to introduce you to different types of natural stone polishes.

Glossy and polished surface

The first and most common method of polishing stone is the glossy or polished method. This model makes the surface of the stone smooth and even and the surface of the stone looks transparent and mirrored so that it reflects light. In this method, the stone is placed under the polished  machine and the stone is ground and polished and polished to create the best possible level. As a result, it is seen as a very shiny natural stone with no roughness and the same thickness.

Polished stones are used for floors in commercial spaces, hotel lobbies, restaurants, living rooms and kitchens, as well as bathroom walls.


Honed opaque surface

In opaque polishing, all the steps that are done for the polishing model are performed, only the amount and degree of polishing is less at this level, as a result, the stone appears opaque, velvety, smooth and without shine. The opaque finish has less shine and shine and less damage to the stone. The opaque finish is slightly slippery and is a good choice for kitchen tables.

Flamed fire surface

In this polishing model, the rock surface is exposed to a strong flame (2500 to 2800 degrees Celsius). This action causes the separation of several cracks in the rock surface and its outer layer explodes, resulting in a rough and wavy rock surface. With this operation, the stone surface has anti-slip properties and makes it a suitable option for exterior coatings and floors of bathrooms. Another advantage of this type of polishing is that it makes the stone surface very resistant to weather conditions.

Bush Hammered

This type of polishing is achieved with hammer-like blows on the surface of the stone to obtain a rough and uniform appearance. Depending on the distance and intensity of the blows, we get a surface of small or large grooves. This method is often used for walls or floors (interior and exterior).

Leather surface

Leather veneer is a special type of polish that the surface of the stone is brushed and has small gaps and pores and increases the height and elevation of the stone. This model has a little shine but emphasizes more on the texture and structure of the stone and gives a warmer aspect to the stone and makes it very soft and pleasant. This type of payment is an attractive option for the kitchen, especially the counter table.

surface Cut broken

In this process, the stone is first cut to the desired dimensions. Then, by special machines, shallow cuts are made at specific intervals on the rock surface. In this way, the resulting texture has shallow lines resembling an agricultural field at the time of planting. Exactly the same shape and the same lines. In some cases, to create a more natural and old-fashioned look, the edges are hit with a pen and hammer and the lips are filled. This type of polishing is mostly performed in a special and decorative space.


The sandblasting process involves placing the rock surface against high-pressure sand grains. This strong pressure creates a smooth surface with a soft and gentle roughness.The flow rate, velocity and pressure of the sand grains can be calibrated according to the intended end use. The stone that is polished in this way has anti-slip properties and is used outdoors, pool edges and sidewalks.

Split faced

Our goal when using this technique is to achieve a natural and rock-like appearance. In this type of polishing, we cut the surface of the stone using a guillotine so that its surface is broken and becomes more natural.


With this polish, the surface of the stone looks worn and classic. Depending on the location used, the pieces of stone are cut into squares or rectangles of different thicknesses and placed inside a chamber, to which we add powders and abrasives. Due to friction and impact, the sharp edges of the stone become abraded and soft, and the surface of the stone becomes patina-like. This creates a rough texture that is less sensitive to scratches and lines.


This polishing model is done by hammering the stone surface with a sharp object such as an ax and has two manual and mechanical models. With this method, the surface of the stone has small and large scratches and becomes rough. This finish can be compared to a linen fabric with fine grooves close together and parallel. The Chiselled  surface creates unevenness on the rock to increase friction. This method is used for paving public places or stairs.

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