The most widely used materials in building facades

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The most widely used materials in building facades

The facade of the building is a framework for designing other parts of the building that has a great impact on the beauty of the building and in addition to the beauty of the facade is always exposed to climatic factors and external factors, so it is one of the main pillars of any building that is very important.

Building facade features:

In using different types of building facades, different factors should be considered, including climatic conditions, geographical location, personal taste, cost, and so on. In general, a suitable building facade should have the following features:

  • Adequate resistance to climatic factors such as sunlight, rain, cold and heat
  • Has suitable flexural and tensile strength
  • High resistance to water penetration and moisture
  • Color fastness in different conditions
  • Resistant to fire, earthquake, shock and frost
  • High resistance to dust absorption and pollution
  • Beauty

Types of building facades

The facade of the building uses various materials such as metal, wood, stone, iron, brick, composite and concrete, each of which has its own advantages.

The stone facade has become one of the most common facades of the building due to having many of the mentioned features, so in the following article, we will try to get more familiar with the stone facades:

Stone facade:

Building facade materials are divided into different types based on their appearance and physical characteristics:

Travertine has become one of the most widely used materials in building facades in recent years. Travertine is a sedimentary rock whose positive properties and abundance in Iran have led to its widespread use.

Travertine features:

  • High color variation
  • High porosity, which causes its high adhesion to the desired surface with mortar and does not separate easily
  • Resistant to UV rays, which prevents the color from fading due to sunlight
  • Its well-cut, which has made it widely used in Roma and classical facades
  • Reasonable price


Exterior of the building

Granite is one of the most popular and durable types of stone for building facades. Granite is an igneous rock that has become one of the hardest rocks due to its high silica. This stone is extracted from mines and its cutting and polishing is expensive, so it has a high price.

Properties of granite:

  • The most resistant building stone against abrasion and impact
  • Resistant to UV rays, which prevents the color from fading due to sunlight
  • Resistant to weather conditions (cold, heat, frost, acid rain, etc.)
  • Very low water absorption

Onyx Marble is one of the oldest stones used in building facades. Onyx Marble is a limestone in which impurities have created beautiful colors and streaks. This stone has more resistance than travertine and less resistance than granite. The cost of this type of stone is higher than travertine, so it is used in small scales and interior design.

Onyx Marble features:

  • High gloss and mirror surface
  • Beautiful color and suitable polish
  • Resistant to sunlight, heat and cold
  • High color variation
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Many people think that marble is the same as marble, but there are many differences between the two stones. Like marble, this stone is an expensive limestone, but due to lack of sufficient resistance to moisture and temperature changes, it can not be used in the facade. Marble has a glass appearance and is often used to beautify the interior of the building.

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Crystal is a limestone on which transformations take place. This stone is available in two colors, white and gray, and is less used due to its low color variation.

Features of crystal stone:

  • High resistance to water penetration
  • High compressive strength and good strength
  • Long life
  • Light resistant
Exterior of the building

In this article, we tried to introduce you to the most widely used building facades. You can also contact us for a free consultation and more information.

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